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Picture That!

Who hasn't snipped out a cartoon from Dilbert or some other source that captures a meaningful experience that they want to share with others. Cartoons seem to be an unusually effective way for communicating ideas. I have been fortunate to work with Fred Voorhorst for many years. Fred has been able to convert many of my obtuse thoughts into cartoons that clarify and expand these thoughts in interesting ways. Here are a sample of some recent cartoons. Many more cartoons can be found in our book "A Meaning Processing Approach to Cognition: What Matters." 

A trip can be broken down into segments, but a dynamic system cannot be decomposed into a sequence of 'causes' without losing insight into the emergent properties intrinsic to circles - such as stability. In human experience, perception and action are intimately coupled and thus can only be fully understood in the context of that coupling. 

Domains of experience can be described in terms of multiple levels of functional constraints/relations. However, the descriptions that scientific observers use to describe the experiences are not necessarily isomorphic to the experience itself. William James called this tendency to put the observations of the scientific observer into the mind of the human being observed the "Psychologist's Fallacy."

The stability of complex systems can not be attributed to any single element of the system. While the wolf might be a stabilizing influence in Yellowstone, it may be a source of instability on Wall Street. This illustrates the contrast between a wilderness ecology and a human economy. It also illustrates the difference between the wisdom of mother nature and the foolishness of greed. 

A collection of super stars does not always make the best team. Expertise is valuable, but not if it can't play well with others. A team that doesn't work together, can only be as smart as a single expert - but a team, that works together well, can be much smarter than any of the individual members. 


Scientists have utilized physical objects and logical puzzles to probe the nature of human experience; and have interpreted variations or deviations from classical metrics or prescriptions as illusions, errors, or biases. The metrics of physics and the prescriptions of logic are typically taken as the standards of truth or reality. In essence, this program of research denies the 'reality' of human experience.  A mature science of human experience must discover the intrinsic dimensions of the phenomenon, rather than impose a dimensionality that is most convenient for describing the probes we use. For example, reachable may be more real in terms of experience, than x kilometers. And further reachable may have different values depending on whether we are talking about picking up a glass of beer or landing an aircraft

Gibson showed us how optical invariants help to specify the field of safe travel through a cluttered environment - What are the invariants that specify the satisfying path through a social landscape - to help us to discover those worthy of trust and friendship?

Many designers talk about "affordances" as properties of the technologies that they design - but there is less discussion of the other facet of Gibson's work - which was the idea that affordances can be directly specified by information that is revealed as one acts (e.g., the optical flow patterns that specify an impending collision). The interface representations that we design determine whether the affordances are well specified - and ultimately determine the skill in wielding those affordances.


Gibson described how we use structure in optic flow as information to skillfully navigate through a cluttered environment. These structures exist as a function of the physics of light, surfaces, and motion. For skillfully navigating through a social ecology - we create 'structure' (e.g., calendars) that allows skilled coordination with the people around us. In a digital world, there are no physical constraints - thus, one of the challenges of designers it to introduce constraints that allow people to skillfully realize the affordances that digital technologies offer. Without constraints, skilled coordination is not possible. 


Who wins in the new "gig economy?" Is the gig economy new opportunities and new freedoms for workers or is it yet another way for management to exploit workers?

Pirsig's Metophysics of Quality suggest that a quality like "goodness" is the most basic foundation for human experience. This suggests that meaningful properties are basic and that the analysis of that meaning into component dimensions is derivative. This suggests that it is a mistake to think that the dimensions used in the physical sciences describe the "real world." Yes, these dimensions are very useful for science and engineering, but it may be a mistake to think of these dimensions as the building blocks of human experience. Rather, these dimensions are derived from that experience. 

In dynamical systems "noise" will typically be structured (colored) and that structure will typically carry important information related to the stability of the dynamic. For example, changes in the noise will often pre-sage phase transitions. The term "noise" suggests that it is an obstacle to analysis and should be filtered out. Better to recognize it as variability that carries information about the dynamic constraints. 


Those of us who have spent a long time in a specific discipline often become engrossed in the subtle theoretical nuances and the historical roots of concepts. We can forget that our partners on a multi-disciplinary design and development team may not be so interested in that level of detail - they just want enough information to get the project further down the road. So, we have to remember that the diversity of interests is a plus - and we should not be disappointed when others don't share our enthusiasm for gaining a deeper understanding of a narrow slice of the world that we find to be fascinating.

In designing displays it is important to look past the screen to consider the mapping of the representation to the affordances of the domain being represented. The "directness" of perception and manipulation depends on the COUPLING of perception and action - so that people can see and anticipate the consequences of their choices and actions.


Science is a tour bus for delving into the mysteries of our changing world. The vehicle doesn't change but the views out the windows are continually changing - reflecting a dynamically changing landscape and new perspectives on that landscape. It can be a magical, mind bending exploration that helps us to see beyond the surfaces so that we can connect with the world in an increasingly skillful and intimate way.

The cold logic and objectification of the world inspired by Plato and Aristotle set the stage for modern science. However, a side effect was the separation of the pursuit of the "truth" from the pursuit of the "good." Science abdicated authority for determining the 'good' in favor of authority for determining the 'truth.' Determining what was good was left to the politicians and the church. Today - this chasm is wider than ever. 'Good' has become a purely subjective opinion - with any opinion being as valid as any other. Our sense of good with respect to women's health, pandemics, and global warming is no longer grounded in reality. Unfortunately, scientific guidance about what would be good is being treated as just another opinion.